We have already written about the ways of obtaining Polish citizenship in general (here). One of the ways is to be recognized as a citizen of the Republic of Poland.
This procedure applies to persons who stay in Poland on the basis of a permanent residence permit or a residence permit for a long-term EU resident (for a sufficiently long period, depending on the basis of the application – from a year to even 10 years).
Depending on what is your legal basis for residence in Poland, the required period of previous stay in Poland will be different:
In addition to the above-mentioned, there are also special regulations regarding minor children.
Let’s start with the fact that (beside the option with 10 years of residence in Poland), the other required periods of residence relate to residence on “some specific basis”.
This required period is counted from the date of issuing the decision on granting a permanent residence permit/residence for a long-term EU resident. Only after the required period (1, 2 or 3 years) can we submit an application for recognition as a Polish citizen.
Kasia, by decision of the Voivoide issued on the 12 March 2019, received a permanent residence permit in Poland due to her Polish origin.
In such a situation, on this basis, she must stay in Poland for 1 year in order to submit an application for recognition as a Polish citizen. This means that if she has not traveled anywhere throughout the year, she will be able to submit an application on March 13, 2020.
In the case where the foreigner has 10 years of stay in Poland – this period also includes the stay on the basis of a visa and a temporary residence card.
The stay is uninterrupted if a single stay outside Poland was not longer than 6 months (once) and all stays outside Poland did not exceed 10 months in total.
This means that your trips outside Poland at the indicated time should not be longer than those described above.
However, there are exceptions to this rule.
If you are employed in a company based in Poland and your trip is related to work or the need to leave with your spouse/parent who works in Poland, such absence in Poland is justified. Similarly, if you study in Poland, but some classes are conducted, for example, at another university, outside of Poland. Also, if the absence in Poland is caused by illness, e.g. hospital stay or other important circumstances.
You should prepare:
Remember! Depending on the basis of the application, it will be necessary to submit other, additional documents.